Corn Silage Market Forecast to 2028 - COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis By Size, Share & Trends, Drivers, Restraints, Opportunities, Manufacturer, Applications, And Segments

  • AMR-1062939
  • May 2021
  • Food
  • 131 Pages
The global Corn Silage market research report provides complete study and detail analysis of the market. This study includes forecast analysis of the market which is based on global and regional level, whereas the research reports the provides forecast data from 2020-2028 and historic of 2018 and 2019. All the values are based on revenue USD Million. Moreover, the market research report describes various segments of the Corn Silage market based on its types, applications and end-use industry. The applications of the market are explained in different industry verticals with reference to major countries across the globe. Along with this, the research report also covers all the major players that are operating in the global Corn Silage market. These major players of the market are further studied and analyzed based on various parameters, such as annual market revenue, annual sales of the company, marketing strategy, historic growth and shipment volumes. Based on all the company’s insights, the market research analyst also suggests business strategy and marketing plans for improving the market position of existing participants of Corn Silage market.
 
Report Parameters Details of Parameter
Market Size xx Million
Based Year 2020
Forecast Period Covered 2020 – 2028
Units for value Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2028
Covered Segments Component, Types, Applications, End-Users, and more.
Companies Covered Biomin Holding GnbH, Dekalb, Deutsche Saatveredelung AG, General Seed Company, Hansen A/S, Kemin Industries, Lallemand Inc., Pacific seeds, Pioneer, Syngenta
Region Covered North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa

COVID-19 Impact Analysis
The analysis of covid-19 is based on the impact of the current pandemic situation on market scenarios. This includes impact of covid-19 outbreak on overall revenue, market segments as well as regional market. The report also puts light on detailed impact analysis by taking into consideration all the government policies imposed during the pandemic situation, temporary shutdown of manufacturing units, current state of supply chain and distributors, and its future impacts on the growth of overall market. The market study will assist user to understand the global demand and impose strategic business plans to compete with the peers.

Apart from this, the market research report also covers drivers and restraints for the global Corn Silage market and their impact on the demand and supply during the forecast period. Along with this, the research report also provides Corn Silage market trends and opportunities that are based on regional and global level. Furthermore, the market research report also provides the major distributors and manufacturers that are operating in all the key region across the world. The researched data provided in the report is widely used by various industry players to strengthen their distribution channel and improve the geographical reach. In addition, the report also covers all the major players of the global Corn Silage market and its key offerings and solutions. The report also provides recent mergers and acquisitions of these key players.

The data which is provided in the market research report is analyzed and evaluated with the help of various marketing tools, such as SWOT analysis, Poster’s Five Force analysis, PESTEL analysis, value chain analysis, player positioning analysis and market share analysis. Therefore, this analysis tools helps the analyst to evaluate the Corn Silage market based on various parameters such as capital investments, impact of consumer’s preferences, economies of scale, manufacturing rights and patents, existing distribution channels, switching costs, government regulations and brand loyalty.

Major Key Players for Global Corn Silage Market:
The Corn Silage market research report offers the company profile of major key players including progress trends, competitive landscape breakdown, and key in regions development status. Biomin Holding GnbH, Dekalb, Deutsche Saatveredelung AG, General Seed Company, Hansen A/S, Kemin Industries, Lallemand Inc., Pacific seeds, Pioneer, Syngenta

Corn Silage Market Segment Analysis:
By Category
Organic
Conventional
Livestock
Cattles
Sheep and goats
Equine
Others

Geographic Coverage for Corn Silage Market:
The market research report on global Corn Silage market offers complete analysis across various regions across the world. The Corn Silage market is distributed into various regions such as North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. The global leading market share as per the region is evaluated after considering Corn Silage market revenue, sales, shares, recent developments, innovations and growth rates. This section of regional analysis provides widespread evaluation of the industry from various countries and regions.

North America Corn Silage Market Value and Forecast
  • US
  • Canada
Europe Corn Silage Market Value and Forecast
  • UK
  • Germany
  • France
  •  Rest of Europe
Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Value and Forecast
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Rest of Asia Pacific
Latin America Corn Silage Market Value and Forecast
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • Rest of Latin America
Middle East and Africa Corn Silage Market Value and Forecast
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa
  • Rest of Middle East and Africa


Key highlights of the Corn Silage market report:
  • The report provides key trends of the global Corn Silage market
  • The report also covers consumer preferences and current industry growth
  • Key products or solutions offered by the main players in the Corn Silage industry
  • The report covers all the recent developments of the Corn Silage market and helps to provide current industry updates
  • The report covers a detailed look over the global Corn Silage Industry and provides with significant actionable insights
  • The Corn Silage market estimation from 2020-2028 and historical data for 2018 and 2019
  • The market study also provides data on changing market dynamics, market intelligence, current and future market trends
  • The report also analyses the microeconomic and macroeconomic factors that are affecting the global Corn Silage market
  • In-depth analysis of the market’s competitive landscape and detailed information about the vendors
  • The report also offers key market drivers, restrains, trends and opportunities with present and future impact on the market
  • Detailed information about the major players or manufacturers of the global Corn Silage market
  • Comprehensive analysis of the Corn Silage market segments based on its types, applications and end-use industry
Key Analytical Areas:
The report aims to offer a complete solution to various businesses operating in the Corn Silage market in making strategic decisions based on credible information and actionable insights. Thereby, the report covers various aspects of your requirements such as industry overview, market dynamics, regional analysis and competitive landscape. The report aims to provide insights to businesses in the Corn Silage market for numerous purposes such as:

     1. Strategic Decision Making:
With the help of this report, key decision makers can quickly analyze and identify growth opportunities in terms of numerous segments across various geographical regions. Thereby, this report enables organizations to identify and make strategic investments in specific market segments in order to gain maximum return on investment.

      2.  Actionable Insights:
The report offers a deep dive into how companies are leveraging market conditions to make the most in the Corn Silage market. Thereby, the report offers numerous actionable insights into the best practices and key success factors relevant in the Corn Silage market. Using the insights included in the report, businesses can make quick decisions to achieve success in business operations.

      3. Competitive Snapshot:
In addition, to detailed information on the companies operating in the Corn Silage market, the report also includes a competitive snapshot of all the companies covered in the report. Thereby, this offers a visual representation of how all the companies stand comparatively based on their competencies, geographic presence, market hold, years of operations, employee and financial strength, among others.

Manufacturers and Segments

  • Biomin Holding GnbH
  • Dekalb
  • Deutsche Saatveredelung AG
  • General Seed Company
  • Hansen A/S
  • Kemin Industries
  • Lallemand Inc.
  • Pacific seeds
  • Pioneer
  • Syngenta
  • Organic
  • Conventional
  • Cattles
  • Sheep and goats
  • Equine
  • Others

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1. Preface
     1.1. Report Scope and Description
     1.2. Research Methodology
          1.2.1. Phase I-Secondary Research
          1.2.2. Phase II-Primary Research
          1.2.3. Phase II-Expert Panel Review
          1.2.4. Assumptions
          1.2.5. Approach Adopted

2. Executive Summarysegment Form
     2.1. Global Corn Silage Market Snapshot
          2.1.1. Global Corn Silage Market By Category,2019
               2.1.1.1.Organic
               2.1.1.2.Conventional
          2.1.2. Global Corn Silage Market By Livestock,2019
               2.1.2.1.Cattles
               2.1.2.2.Sheep and goats
               2.1.2.3.Equine
               2.1.2.4.Others
          2.1.3. Global Corn Silage Market By End-use,2019
          2.1.4. Global Corn Silage Market By Geography,2019

3. Global Corn Silage Market Dynamics
     3.1. Market Overview
     3.2. Market Inclination Insights Analysis
     3.3. Drivers
     3.4. Challenges
     3.5. Future Prospects
     3.6. Impact Analysis of Drivers and Challenges During the Forecast Period, (2020-2028)

4. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028 
     4.1. Overview
          4.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Category, 2019 vs.2028
          4.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Category, 2020
     4.2. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028

5. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 
     5.1. Overview
          5.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Livestock, 2019 vs.2028
          5.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Livestock, 2020
     5.2. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028

6. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028 
     6.1. Overview
          6.1.1. Market Share Analysis By End-use, 2019 vs.2028
          6.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By End-use, 2020
     6.2. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

7. Global Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Geography, 2018 – 2028
     7.1. Overview
          7.1.1. Market Share Analysis by Geography, 2019 vs. 2028
          7.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition by Geography, 2020
     7.2. North America Corn Silage Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.2.1. North America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.2.1.1. U.S.
               7.2.1.2. Canada
          7.2.2. North America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.3. North America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.4. North America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.3. Europe Corn Silage Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.3.1.  Europe Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.3.1.1. U.K.
               7.3.1.2. Germany
               7.3.1.3. France
               7.3.1.4. Rest of Europe
          7.3.2. Europe Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.3. Europe Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.4. Europe Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.4. Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Analysis , 2018 – 2028
          7.4.1.  Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.4.1.1. China
               7.4.1.2. Japan
               7.4.1.3. India
               7.4.1.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
          7.4.2. Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.3. Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.4. Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.5. Latin America Corn Silage Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.5.1.  Latin America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.5.1.1. Brazil
               7.5.1.2. Mexico
               7.5.1.3. Rest of Latin America
          7.5.2. Latin America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.3. Latin America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.4. Latin America Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.6. Middle East & Africa (MEA) Corn Silage Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.6.1.  MEA Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Region, 2018 – 2028 
               7.6.1.1. GCC Countries
               7.6.1.2. South Africa
               7.6.1.3. Rest of MEA
          7.6.2. MEA Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Category, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.3. MEA Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By Livestock, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.4. MEA Corn Silage Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

8. Company Profiles
     8.1. Competitive Analysis 
     8.2. Market Positioning of Key Vendors 
     8.3. Key Strategies adopted by the Leading Players
     8.4. Key Corn Silage Providers
        8.4.1 Biomin Holding GnbH
                8.4.1.1 Business Description
                8.4.1.2 Biomin Holding GnbH Geographic Operations
                8.4.1.3 Biomin Holding GnbH Financial Information
                8.4.1.4 Biomin Holding GnbH Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.1.5 Biomin Holding GnbH Key Developments
        8.4.2 Dekalb
                8.4.2.1 Business Description
                8.4.2.2 Dekalb Geographic Operations
                8.4.2.3 Dekalb Financial Information
                8.4.2.4 Dekalb Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.2.5 Dekalb Key Developments
        8.4.3 Deutsche Saatveredelung AG
                8.4.3.1 Business Description
                8.4.3.2 Deutsche Saatveredelung AG Geographic Operations
                8.4.3.3 Deutsche Saatveredelung AG Financial Information
                8.4.3.4 Deutsche Saatveredelung AG Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.3.5 Deutsche Saatveredelung AG Key Developments
        8.4.4 General Seed Company
                8.4.4.1 Business Description
                8.4.4.2 General Seed Company Geographic Operations
                8.4.4.3 General Seed Company Financial Information
                8.4.4.4 General Seed Company Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.4.5 General Seed Company Key Developments
        8.4.5 Hansen A/S
                8.4.5.1 Business Description
                8.4.5.2 Hansen A/S Geographic Operations
                8.4.5.3 Hansen A/S Financial Information
                8.4.5.4 Hansen A/S Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.5.5 Hansen A/S Key Developments
        8.4.6 Kemin Industries
                8.4.6.1 Business Description
                8.4.6.2 Kemin Industries Geographic Operations
                8.4.6.3 Kemin Industries Financial Information
                8.4.6.4 Kemin Industries Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.6.5 Kemin Industries Key Developments
        8.4.7 Lallemand Inc.
                8.4.7.1 Business Description
                8.4.7.2 Lallemand Inc. Geographic Operations
                8.4.7.3 Lallemand Inc. Financial Information
                8.4.7.4 Lallemand Inc. Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.7.5 Lallemand Inc. Key Developments
        8.4.8 Pacific seeds
                8.4.8.1 Business Description
                8.4.8.2 Pacific seeds Geographic Operations
                8.4.8.3 Pacific seeds Financial Information
                8.4.8.4 Pacific seeds Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.8.5 Pacific seeds Key Developments
        8.4.9 Pioneer
                8.4.9.1 Business Description
                8.4.9.2 Pioneer Geographic Operations
                8.4.9.3 Pioneer Financial Information
                8.4.9.4 Pioneer Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.9.5 Pioneer Key Developments
        8.4.10 Syngenta
                8.4.10.1 Business Description
                8.4.10.2 Syngenta Geographic Operations
                8.4.10.3 Syngenta Financial Information
                8.4.10.4 Syngenta Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.10.5 Syngenta Key Developments

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 Market Snapshot: Global Corn Silage Market 
TABLE 2 Impact Indicators 
TABLE 3 Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints 
TABLE 4 North America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Category, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 5 North America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 6 North America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 7 Europe Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Category, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 8 Europe Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 9 Europe Corn Silage Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 10 Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Category, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 11 Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 12 Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 13 Latin America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Category, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 14 Latin America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 15 Latin America Corn Silage Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)
TABLE 16 MEA Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Category, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 17 MEA Corn Silage Market Revenue, By Livestock, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 18 MEA Corn Silage Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)

LIST OF FIGURES

FIG. 1 Global Corn Silage: Market Segmentation 
FIG. 2 Global Corn Silage Market: Research Methodology 
FIG. 3 Top-Down and Bottom-up Approach 
FIG. 4 Global Corn Silage Market, By Category, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 5 Global Corn Silage Market, By Livestock, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 6 Global Corn Silage Market, By End-use, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 7 Global Corn Silage Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 8 Global Corn Silage Market Revenue and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG. 9 Attractive Investment Proposition 
FIG. 10 Market Positioning of Key Corn Silage Providers, 2019
FIG. 11 Global Corn Silage Market Revenue Contribution, By Category, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 12 Global Corn Silage Market Revenue Contribution, By Livestock, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 13 Global Corn Silage Market Revenue Contribution, By End-use, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 14 North America Corn Silage Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 15 Europe Corn Silage Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 16 Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 17 Latin America Corn Silage Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG. 18 MEA Corn Silage Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)

Key Takeaways:

1. Market value and estimate of the Corn Silage market for the period from 2020 to 2028
2. Compounded annual growth rate (CAGR%) for individual segments in various regional markets for a period from 2020 to 2028
3. Value chain analysis
4. Market share study combined with competitive landscape of major players
5. Profiles of major market players covering overall business operations, geographic occurrence, product portfolio, financial status and news coverage 

List of Tables

TABLE  Market Snapshot: Global Corn Silage Market
TABLE  Impact Pointers
TABLE  Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints
TABLE  North America Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Corn Silage Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Corn Silage Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Corn Silage Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Corn Silage Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Corn Silage Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Biomin Holding GnbH: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Dekalb: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Deutsche Saatveredelung AG: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  General Seed Company: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Hansen A/S: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Kemin Industries: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Lallemand Inc.: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Pacific seeds: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Pioneer: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Syngenta: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
 

List of Figures

FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market: Research Methodology
FIG.  Top-Down and Bottom Up Approach
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market, By Segment1, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market, By Segment2, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market Value and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG.  Attractive Investment Proposition
FIG.  Market Positioning of Key Corn Silage Providers, 2016
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market Value Share, By Segment1, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Conventional Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Corn Silage Market Value Share, By Segment2, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Sheep and goats Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Equine Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Others Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  U.S. Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Canada Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  UK Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Germany Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  France Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Europe Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  China Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Japan Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  India Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Asia Pacific Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Mexico Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Brazil Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Latin America Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  GCC Countries Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  South Africa Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of MEA Corn Silage Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)