Global Hydronic Systems Market By Product Type (Heating Technology, Cooling Technology) And By End-Users/Application (Residential, Non-residential) Global Market Share, Forecast Data, In-Depth Analysis, And Detailed Overview, and Forecast, 2013 - 2026

  • AMR-1040548
  • May 2021
  • Machinery and tools
  • 110 Pages
The global Hydronic Systems market research report provides complete study and detail analysis of the market. This study includes forecast analysis of the market which is based on global and regional level, whereas the research reports the provides forecast data from 2020-2028 and historic of 2018 and 2019. All the values are based on revenue USD Million. Moreover, the market research report describes various segments of the Hydronic Systems market based on its types, applications and end-use industry. The applications of the market are explained in different industry verticals with reference to major countries across the globe. Along with this, the research report also covers all the major players that are operating in the global Hydronic Systems market. These major players of the market are further studied and analyzed based on various parameters, such as annual market revenue, annual sales of the company, marketing strategy, historic growth and shipment volumes. Based on all the company’s insights, the market research analyst also suggests business strategy and marketing plans for improving the market position of existing participants of Hydronic Systems market.

Apart from this, the market research report also covers drivers and restraints for the global Hydronic Systems market and their impact on the demand and supply during the forecast period. Along with this, the research report also provides Hydronic Systems market trends and opportunities that are based on regional and global level. Furthermore, the market research report also provides the major distributors and manufacturers that are operating in all the key region across the world. The researched data provided in the report is widely used by various industry players to strengthen their distribution channel and improve the geographical reach. In addition, the report also covers all the major players of the global Hydronic Systems market and its key offerings and solutions. The report also provides recent mergers and acquisitions of these key players.

XYZ Market Strategic Analysis:
In 2019, the global XYZ market was valued at US$ xx Mn, and it is expected to reach at US$ xx Mn at a CAGR of xx% during 2020-2028.

The data which is provided in the market research report is analyzed and evaluated with the help of various marketing tools, such as SWOT analysis, Poster’s Five Force analysis, PESTEL analysis, value chain analysis, player positioning analysis and market share analysis. Therefore, this analysis tools helps the analyst to evaluate the Hydronic Systems market based on various parameters such as capital investments, impact of consumer’s preferences, economies of scale, manufacturing rights and patents, existing distribution channels, switching costs, government regulations and brand loyalty. 
 
Report Parameters Details of Parameter
Market Size xx Million
Based Year 2019
Forecast Period Covered 2019 – 2028
Units for value Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2028
Covered Segments Component, Types, Applications, End-Users, and more.
Product Type Heating Technology, Cooling Technology, Others
Applications Residential, Non-residential
Region Covered North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Companies Covered Bindus Manufacturing, Johnson Controls, Rehau, Schneider Electric, Uponor, Watts Water Technologies, Oventrop, Danfoss, Wieland, RiFeng

Hydronic Systems Market Segment Analysis:
The Hydronic Systems market research report segments the market based on its types, applications and end-use industry. All the segments of the market are analyzed and evaluated based on current and future trends of the market. The data for the segments and its categories is provided from 2018 to 2028. 

Hydronic Systems Market, by Type: Heating Technology, Cooling Technology, Others

Hydronic Systems Market, by Application: Residential, Non-residential

Major Key Players for Global Hydronic Systems Market:
The Hydronic Systems market research report offers the company profile of major key players including progress trends, competitive landscape breakdown, and key in regions development status. Bindus Manufacturing, Johnson Controls, Rehau, Schneider Electric, Uponor, Watts Water Technologies, Oventrop, Danfoss, Wieland, RiFeng

Geographic Coverage for Hydronic Systems Market:
The market research report on global Hydronic Systems market offers complete analysis across various regions across the world. The Hydronic Systems market is distributed into various regions such as North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. The global leading market share as per the region is evaluated after considering Hydronic Systems market revenue, sales, shares, recent developments, innovations and growth rates. This section of regional analysis provides widespread evaluation of the industry from various countries and regions.

North America Hydronic Systems Market Value and Forecast
  • US
  • Canada

Europe Hydronic Systems Market Value and Forecast
  • UK
  • Germany
  • France
  •  Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Value and Forecast
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Rest of Asia Pacific

Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Value and Forecast
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • Rest of Latin America

Middle East and Africa Hydronic Systems Market Value and Forecast
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa
  • Rest of Middle East and Africa



Key highlights of the Hydronic Systems market report:
  • The report provides key trends of the global Hydronic Systems market
  • The report also covers consumer preferences and current industry growth
  • Key products or solutions offered by the main players in the Hydronic Systems industry
  • The report covers all the recent developments of the Hydronic Systems market and helps to provide current industry updates
  • The report covers a detailed look over the global Hydronic Systems Industry and provides with significant actionable insights
  • The Hydronic Systems market estimation from 2020-2028 and historical data for 2018 and 2019
  • The market study also provides data on changing market dynamics, market intelligence, current and future market trends
  • The report also analyses the microeconomic and macroeconomic factors that are affecting the global Hydronic Systems market
  • In-depth analysis of the market’s competitive landscape and detailed information about the vendors
  • The report also offers key market drivers, restrains, trends and opportunities with present and future impact on the market
  • Detailed information about the major players or manufacturers of the global Hydronic Systems market
  • Comprehensive analysis of the Hydronic Systems market segments based on its types, applications and end-use industry

Key Analytical Areas:
The report aims to offer a complete solution to various businesses operating in the Hydronic Systems market in making strategic decisions based on credible information and actionable insights. Thereby, the report covers various aspects of your requirements such as industry overview, market dynamics, regional analysis and competitive landscape. The report aims to provide insights to businesses in the Hydronic Systems market for numerous purposes such as:

     1. Strategic Decision Making:
With the help of this report, key decision makers can quickly analyze and identify growth opportunities in terms of numerous segments across various geographical regions. Thereby, this report enables organizations to identify and make strategic investments in specific market segments in order to gain maximum return on investment.

      2.  Actionable Insights:
The report offers a deep dive into how companies are leveraging market conditions to make the most in the Hydronic Systems market. Thereby, the report offers numerous actionable insights into the best practices and key success factors relevant in the Hydronic Systems market. Using the insights included in the report, businesses can make quick decisions to achieve success in business operations.

      3. Competitive Snapshot:
In addition, to detailed information on the companies operating in the Hydronic Systems market, the report also includes a competitive snapshot of all the companies covered in the report. Thereby, this offers a visual representation of how all the companies stand comparatively based on their competencies, geographic presence, market hold, years of operations, employee and financial strength, among others.

Have query on this report?

Make an Enquiry
1. Preface
     1.1. Report Scope and Description
     1.2. Research Methodology
          1.2.1. Phase I-Secondary Research
          1.2.2. Phase II-Primary Research
          1.2.3. Phase II-Expert Panel Review
          1.2.4. Assumptions
          1.2.5. Approach Adopted

2. Executive Summary
     2.1. Global Hydronic Systems Market Snapshot
          2.1.1. Global Hydronic Systems Market By Type,2019
               2.1.1.1.Heating Technology
               2.1.1.2.Cooling Technology
               2.1.1.3.Others
          2.1.2. Global Hydronic Systems Market By Application,2019
               2.1.2.1.Residential
               2.1.2.2.Non-residential
          2.1.3. Global Hydronic Systems Market By End-use,2019
          2.1.4. Global Hydronic Systems Market By Geography,2019

3. Global Hydronic Systems Market Dynamics
     3.1. Market Overview
     3.2. Market Inclination Insights Analysis
     3.3. Drivers
     3.4. Challenges
     3.5. Future Prospects
     3.6. Impact Analysis of Drivers and Challenges During the Forecast Period, (2020-2028)

4. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028 
     4.1. Overview
          4.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Type, 2019 vs.2028
          4.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Type, 2020
     4.2. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028

5. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028 
     5.1. Overview
          5.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Application, 2019 vs.2028
          5.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Application, 2020
     5.2. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028

6. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028 
     6.1. Overview
          6.1.1. Market Share Analysis By End-use, 2019 vs.2028
          6.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By End-use, 2020
     6.2. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

7. Global Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Geography, 2018 – 2028
     7.1. Overview
          7.1.1. Market Share Analysis by Geography, 2019 vs. 2028
          7.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition by Geography, 2020
     7.2. North America Hydronic Systems Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.2.1. North America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.2.1.1. U.S.
               7.2.1.2. Canada
          7.2.2. North America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.3. North America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.4. North America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.3. Europe Hydronic Systems Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.3.1.  Europe Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.3.1.1. U.K.
               7.3.1.2. Germany
               7.3.1.3. France
               7.3.1.4. Rest of Europe
          7.3.2. Europe Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.3. Europe Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.4. Europe Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.4. Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Analysis , 2018 – 2028
          7.4.1.  Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.4.1.1. China
               7.4.1.2. Japan
               7.4.1.3. India
               7.4.1.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
          7.4.2. Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.3. Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.4. Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.5. Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.5.1.  Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.5.1.1. Brazil
               7.5.1.2. Mexico
               7.5.1.3. Rest of Latin America
          7.5.2. Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.3. Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.4. Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.6. Middle East & Africa (MEA) Hydronic Systems Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.6.1.  MEA Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Region, 2018 – 2028 
               7.6.1.1. GCC Countries
               7.6.1.2. South Africa
               7.6.1.3. Rest of MEA
          7.6.2. MEA Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.3. MEA Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.4. MEA Hydronic Systems Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

8. Company Profiles
     8.1. Competitive Analysis 
     8.2. Market Positioning of Key Vendors 
     8.3. Key Strategies adopted by the Leading Players
     8.4. Key Hydronic Systems Providers
        8.4.1 Bindus Manufacturing
                8.4.1.1 Business Description
                8.4.1.2 Bindus Manufacturing Geographic Operations
                8.4.1.3 Bindus Manufacturing Financial Information
                8.4.1.4 Bindus Manufacturing Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.1.5 Bindus Manufacturing Key Developments
        8.4.2 Johnson Controls
                8.4.2.1 Business Description
                8.4.2.2 Johnson Controls Geographic Operations
                8.4.2.3 Johnson Controls Financial Information
                8.4.2.4 Johnson Controls Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.2.5 Johnson Controls Key Developments
        8.4.3 Rehau
                8.4.3.1 Business Description
                8.4.3.2 Rehau Geographic Operations
                8.4.3.3 Rehau Financial Information
                8.4.3.4 Rehau Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.3.5 Rehau Key Developments
        8.4.4 Schneider Electric
                8.4.4.1 Business Description
                8.4.4.2 Schneider Electric Geographic Operations
                8.4.4.3 Schneider Electric Financial Information
                8.4.4.4 Schneider Electric Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.4.5 Schneider Electric Key Developments
        8.4.5 Uponor
                8.4.5.1 Business Description
                8.4.5.2 Uponor Geographic Operations
                8.4.5.3 Uponor Financial Information
                8.4.5.4 Uponor Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.5.5 Uponor Key Developments
        8.4.6 Watts Water Technologies
                8.4.6.1 Business Description
                8.4.6.2 Watts Water Technologies Geographic Operations
                8.4.6.3 Watts Water Technologies Financial Information
                8.4.6.4 Watts Water Technologies Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.6.5 Watts Water Technologies Key Developments
        8.4.7 Oventrop
                8.4.7.1 Business Description
                8.4.7.2 Oventrop Geographic Operations
                8.4.7.3 Oventrop Financial Information
                8.4.7.4 Oventrop Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.7.5 Oventrop Key Developments
        8.4.8 Danfoss
                8.4.8.1 Business Description
                8.4.8.2 Danfoss Geographic Operations
                8.4.8.3 Danfoss Financial Information
                8.4.8.4 Danfoss Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.8.5 Danfoss Key Developments
        8.4.9 Wieland
                8.4.9.1 Business Description
                8.4.9.2 Wieland Geographic Operations
                8.4.9.3 Wieland Financial Information
                8.4.9.4 Wieland Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.9.5 Wieland Key Developments
        8.4.10 RiFeng
                8.4.10.1 Business Description
                8.4.10.2 RiFeng Geographic Operations
                8.4.10.3 RiFeng Financial Information
                8.4.10.4 RiFeng Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.10.5 RiFeng Key Developments

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 Market Snapshot: Global Hydronic Systems Market 
TABLE 2 Impact Indicators 
TABLE 3 Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints 
TABLE 4 North America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 5 North America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 6 North America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 7 Europe Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 8 Europe Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 9 Europe Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 10 Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 11 Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 12 Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 13 Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 14 Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 15 Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)
TABLE 16 MEA Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 17 MEA Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 18 MEA Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)

LIST OF FIGURES

FIG. 1 Global Hydronic Systems: Market Segmentation 
FIG. 2 Global Hydronic Systems Market: Research Methodology 
FIG. 3 Top-Down and Bottom-up Approach 
FIG. 4 Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Type, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 5 Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Application, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 6 Global Hydronic Systems Market, By End-use, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 7 Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 8 Global Hydronic Systems Market Revenue and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG. 9 Attractive Investment Proposition 
FIG. 10 Market Positioning of Key Hydronic Systems Providers, 2019
FIG. 11 Global Hydronic Systems Market Revenue Contribution, By Type, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 12 Global Hydronic Systems Market Revenue Contribution, By Application, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 13 Global Hydronic Systems Market Revenue Contribution, By End-use, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 14 North America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 15 Europe Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 16 Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 17 Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG. 18 MEA Hydronic Systems Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)

Key Takeaways:

1. Market value and estimate of the Hydronic Systems market for the period from 2020 to 2028
2. Compounded annual growth rate (CAGR%) for individual segments in various regional markets for a period from 2020 to 2028
3. Value chain analysis
4. Market share study combined with competitive landscape of major players
5. Profiles of major market players covering overall business operations, geographic occurrence, product portfolio, financial status and news coverage 

List of Tables

TABLE  Market Snapshot: Global Hydronic Systems Market
TABLE  Impact Pointers
TABLE  Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints
TABLE  North America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Hydronic Systems Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Bindus Manufacturing: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Johnson Controls: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Rehau: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Schneider Electric: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Uponor: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Watts Water Technologies: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Oventrop: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Danfoss: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Wieland: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  RiFeng: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
 

List of Figures

FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market: Research Methodology
FIG.  Top-Down and Bottom Up Approach
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Segment1, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Segment2, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market Value and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG.  Attractive Investment Proposition
FIG.  Market Positioning of Key Hydronic Systems Providers, 2016
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market Value Share, By Segment1, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Heating Technology Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Cooling Technology Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Others Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Hydronic Systems Market Value Share, By Segment2, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Residential Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Non-residential Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  U.S. Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Canada Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  UK Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Germany Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  France Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Europe Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  China Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Japan Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  India Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Asia Pacific Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Mexico Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Brazil Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Latin America Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  GCC Countries Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  South Africa Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of MEA Hydronic Systems Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)