Global Printing Toners Market By Product Type (Laser Toner, Analogue Copier Toner) And By End-Users/Application (Packaging, Publication and Commercial Printing) Global Market Share, Forecast Data, In-Depth Analysis, And Detailed Overview, and Forecast, 2013 - 2026

  • AMR-987257
  • April 2021
  • Materials and Chemicals
  • 113 Pages

Report Preview

The global Printing Toners market size is projected to reach US$ 4376.7 million by 2027, from US$ 3480.6 million in 2020, at a CAGR of 3.3% during 2021-2027.

The Printing Toners market research report provides an in-depth analysis of the currents trends, latest developments, scenario, market size, various drivers, restraints, and major players along with their profile details. Research report offers the historic data for year 2018 and 2019 and also provides the forecast data from year 2020 to 2028 which is based on revenue (USD Million). With the help of all these information research report helps the market participants to improve market positions. With the help of all these insights Printing Toners market research report recommends a business strategy for present market participants to strengthen their position in the market.

Furthermore, the research report includes the detailed information about major players and provides the data regarding the current market scenario as well as upcoming market opportunities or challenges. Similarly, in segment report covers the types, and applications according to the countries and key regions. The research report consists the various drivers and restraints for Printing Toners market along with their effects over the forecast period. Similarly, according to the region Printing Toners market research report includes the study of opportunities available in the market situation.

The Printing Toners market research report provides the in-depth data analysis by using the various graphs, figures, charts, and tables. Furthermore, the report provides the different business challenges which are impacting market growth in all direction.
 
Report Parameters Details of Parameter
Market Size xx Million
Based Year 2019
Forecast Period Covered 2019 – 2028
Units for value Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2020 to 2028
Covered Segments Component, Types, Applications, End-Users, and more.
Product Type Laser Toner, Analogue Copier Toner, Digital Copier Toner, Other
Applications Packaging, Publication and Commercial Printing, Other Application (Decorative Printing, etc)
Region Covered North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa
Companies Covered Mitsubishi Chemical, Trend Tone Imaging, ZEON, Mikasa Sangyo, Tomoegawa, ACM Technologies, HG Technologies, Toner Technology, Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited, Royal Precision Technology, IMEX, Integral GmbH

Global Printing Toners Market Segmentation by Regions:
In regional analysis, Printing Toners market research report provides the detailed analysis from various regions and also contains the detailed analysis of country. Along with market revenue, market value report also offers the forecast analysis for the following countries and regions. Global Printing Toners market report covers the various geographical regions such as North America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Also, various countries included are Canada, U.K., France, the U.S., Japan, China, India, and Germany and so on.

North America Region for Printing Toners Market: Value and Forecast
  • U.S.
  • Canada
 
Europe Region for Printing Toners Market: Value and Forecast
  • UK
  • Germany
  • France
  • Rest of the Europe
 
Asia Pacific Region for Printing Toners Market: Value and Forecast
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Rest of the Asia Pacific
 
Latin America Region for Printing Toners Market: Value and Forecast
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • Rest of the Latin America
 
Middle East and Africa for Printing Toners Market: Value and Forecast
  • GCC Countries
  • South Africa
  • Rest of Middle East and Africa



Global Printing Toners Market Segmentation by Type:
On the basis of product type, global Printing Toners market research report provides the production, revenue, price, and market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into: Laser Toner, Analogue Copier Toner, Digital Copier Toner, Other

Global Printing Toners Market Segmentation by Applications:
On the basis of the end users/applications, Printing Toners research report analyze the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate for each application, including: Packaging, Publication and Commercial Printing, Other Application (Decorative Printing, etc)

Major Key Players for Global Printing Toners Market:
The Printing Toners market research report offers the company profile of major key players including progress trends, competitive landscape breakdown, and key in regions development status. Mitsubishi Chemical, Trend Tone Imaging, ZEON, Mikasa Sangyo, Tomoegawa, ACM Technologies, HG Technologies, Toner Technology, Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited, Royal Precision Technology, IMEX, Integral GmbH

Important Points Covered by Report:
  • To analyze the value of the Printing Toners market, according to the key region.
  • To study the Printing Toners market current trends, prospects and also their participation in the entire sector.
  • Report consists the in-depth information related to the region/countries, major key players, current trends and their analysis, product type, applications, and other background information
  • Report provides the detailed information about drivers, restraints and future scope of Printing Toners market.
  • Report covers the information about historic data analysis as well as forecast period analysis.

Global Printing Toners research report consist the information about overall sales and revenue during the historic and forecasted period of 2018 to 2028. Additionally, this report covers the inside and out factual examination and the market elements and requests which give an entire situation of the business.

Key Analytical Areas:
The report aims to offer a complete solution to various businesses operating in the Printing Toners market in making strategic decisions based on credible information and actionable insights. Thereby, the report covers various aspects of your requirements such as industry overview, market dynamics, regional analysis and competitive landscape. The report aims to provide insights to businesses in the Printing Toners market for numerous purposes such as:

    1. Strategic Decision Making:
With the help of this report, key decision makers can quickly analyze and identify growth opportunities in terms of numerous segments across various geographical regions. Thereby, this report enables organizations to identify and make strategic investments in specific market segments in order to gain maximum return on investment.

     2. Actionable Insights:
The report offers a deep dive into how companies are leveraging market conditions to make the most in the Printing Toners market. Thereby, the report offers numerous actionable insights into the best practices and key success factors relevant in the Printing Toners market. Using the insights included in the report, businesses can make quick decisions to achieve success in business operations.

     3. Competitive Snapshot:
In addition, to detailed information on the companies operating in the Printing Toners market, the report also includes a competitive snapshot of all the companies covered in the report. Thereby, this offers a visual representation of how all the companies stand comparatively based on their competencies, geographic presence, market hold, years of operations, employee and financial strength, among others.

Have query on this report?

Make an Enquiry
1. Preface
     1.1. Report Scope and Description
     1.2. Research Methodology
          1.2.1. Phase I-Secondary Research
          1.2.2. Phase II-Primary Research
          1.2.3. Phase II-Expert Panel Review
          1.2.4. Assumptions
          1.2.5. Approach Adopted

2. Executive Summary
     2.1. Global Printing Toners Market Snapshot
          2.1.1. Global Printing Toners Market By Type,2019
               2.1.1.1.Laser Toner
               2.1.1.2.Analogue Copier Toner
               2.1.1.3.Digital Copier Toner
               2.1.1.4.Other
          2.1.2. Global Printing Toners Market By Application,2019
               2.1.2.1.Packaging
               2.1.2.2.Publication and Commercial Printing
               2.1.2.3.Other Application (Decorative Printing, etc)
          2.1.3. Global Printing Toners Market By End-use,2019
          2.1.4. Global Printing Toners Market By Geography,2019

3. Global Printing Toners Market Dynamics
     3.1. Market Overview
     3.2. Market Inclination Insights Analysis
     3.3. Drivers
     3.4. Challenges
     3.5. Future Prospects
     3.6. Impact Analysis of Drivers and Challenges During the Forecast Period, (2020-2028)

4. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028 
     4.1. Overview
          4.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Type, 2019 vs.2028
          4.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Type, 2020
     4.2. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028

5. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028 
     5.1. Overview
          5.1.1. Market Share Analysis By Application, 2019 vs.2028
          5.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By Application, 2020
     5.2. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028

6. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028 
     6.1. Overview
          6.1.1. Market Share Analysis By End-use, 2019 vs.2028
          6.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition By End-use, 2020
     6.2. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

7. Global Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Geography, 2018 – 2028
     7.1. Overview
          7.1.1. Market Share Analysis by Geography, 2019 vs. 2028
          7.1.2. Attractive Investment Proposition by Geography, 2020
     7.2. North America Printing Toners Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.2.1. North America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.2.1.1. U.S.
               7.2.1.2. Canada
          7.2.2. North America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.3. North America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.2.4. North America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.3. Europe Printing Toners Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.3.1.  Europe Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.3.1.1. U.K.
               7.3.1.2. Germany
               7.3.1.3. France
               7.3.1.4. Rest of Europe
          7.3.2. Europe Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.3. Europe Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.3.4. Europe Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.4. Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Analysis , 2018 – 2028
          7.4.1.  Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.4.1.1. China
               7.4.1.2. Japan
               7.4.1.3. India
               7.4.1.4. Rest of Asia Pacific
          7.4.2. Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.3. Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.4.4. Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.5. Latin America Printing Toners Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.5.1.  Latin America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Country, 2018 – 2028 
               7.5.1.1. Brazil
               7.5.1.2. Mexico
               7.5.1.3. Rest of Latin America
          7.5.2. Latin America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.3. Latin America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.5.4. Latin America Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028
     7.6. Middle East & Africa (MEA) Printing Toners Market Analysis, 2018 – 2028 
          7.6.1.  MEA Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Region, 2018 – 2028 
               7.6.1.1. GCC Countries
               7.6.1.2. South Africa
               7.6.1.3. Rest of MEA
          7.6.2. MEA Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Type, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.3. MEA Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By Application, 2018 – 2028
          7.6.4. MEA Printing Toners Market Size (US$), By End-use, 2018 – 2028

8. Company Profiles
     8.1. Competitive Analysis 
     8.2. Market Positioning of Key Vendors 
     8.3. Key Strategies adopted by the Leading Players
     8.4. Key Printing Toners Providers
        8.4.1 Mitsubishi Chemical
                8.1.1 Business Description
                8.1.2 Mitsubishi Chemical Geographic Operations
                8.1.3 Mitsubishi Chemical Financial Information
                8.1.4 Mitsubishi Chemical Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.1.5 Mitsubishi Chemical Key Developments
        8.4.2 Trend Tone Imaging
                8.2.1 Business Description
                8.2.2 Trend Tone Imaging Geographic Operations
                8.2.3 Trend Tone Imaging Financial Information
                8.2.4 Trend Tone Imaging Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.2.5 Trend Tone Imaging Key Developments
        8.4.3 ZEON
                8.3.1 Business Description
                8.3.2 ZEON Geographic Operations
                8.3.3 ZEON Financial Information
                8.3.4 ZEON Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.3.5 ZEON Key Developments
        8.4.4 Mikasa Sangyo
                8.4.1 Business Description
                8.4.2 Mikasa Sangyo Geographic Operations
                8.4.3 Mikasa Sangyo Financial Information
                8.4.4 Mikasa Sangyo Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.4.5 Mikasa Sangyo Key Developments
        8.4.5 Tomoegawa
                8.5.1 Business Description
                8.5.2 Tomoegawa Geographic Operations
                8.5.3 Tomoegawa Financial Information
                8.5.4 Tomoegawa Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.5.5 Tomoegawa Key Developments
        8.4.6 ACM Technologies
                8.6.1 Business Description
                8.6.2 ACM Technologies Geographic Operations
                8.6.3 ACM Technologies Financial Information
                8.6.4 ACM Technologies Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.6.5 ACM Technologies Key Developments
        8.4.7 HG Technologies
                8.7.1 Business Description
                8.7.2 HG Technologies Geographic Operations
                8.7.3 HG Technologies Financial Information
                8.7.4 HG Technologies Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.7.5 HG Technologies Key Developments
        8.4.8 Toner Technology
                8.8.1 Business Description
                8.8.2 Toner Technology Geographic Operations
                8.8.3 Toner Technology Financial Information
                8.8.4 Toner Technology Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.8.5 Toner Technology Key Developments
        8.4.9 Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited
                8.9.1 Business Description
                8.9.2 Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited Geographic Operations
                8.9.3 Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited Financial Information
                8.9.4 Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.9.5 Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited Key Developments
        8.4.10 Royal Precision Technology
                8.10.1 Business Description
                8.10.2 Royal Precision Technology Geographic Operations
                8.10.3 Royal Precision Technology Financial Information
                8.10.4 Royal Precision Technology Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.10.5 Royal Precision Technology Key Developments
        8.4.11 IMEX
                8.11.1 Business Description
                8.11.2 IMEX Geographic Operations
                8.11.3 IMEX Financial Information
                8.11.4 IMEX Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.11.5 IMEX Key Developments
        8.4.12 Integral GmbH
                8.12.1 Business Description
                8.12.2 Integral GmbH Geographic Operations
                8.12.3 Integral GmbH Financial Information
                8.12.4 Integral GmbH Product Positions/Portfolio
                8.12.5 Integral GmbH Key Developments

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1 Market Snapshot: Global Printing Toners Market 
TABLE 2 Impact Indicators 
TABLE 3 Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints 
TABLE 4 North America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 5 North America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 6 North America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 7 Europe Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 8 Europe Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 9 Europe Printing Toners Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 10 Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 11 Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 12 Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 13 Latin America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 14 Latin America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 15 Latin America Printing Toners Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)
TABLE 16 MEA Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Type, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 17 MEA Printing Toners Market Revenue, By Application, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn) 
TABLE 18 MEA Printing Toners Market Revenue, By End-use, 2018 – 2028 (US$ Mn)

LIST OF FIGURES

FIG. 1 Global Printing Toners: Market Segmentation 
FIG. 2 Global Printing Toners Market: Research Methodology 
FIG. 3 Top-Down and Bottom-up Approach 
FIG. 4 Global Printing Toners Market, By Type, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 5 Global Printing Toners Market, By Application, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 6 Global Printing Toners Market, By End-use, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 7 Global Printing Toners Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 8 Global Printing Toners Market Revenue and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG. 9 Attractive Investment Proposition 
FIG. 10 Market Positioning of Key Printing Toners Providers, 2019
FIG. 11 Global Printing Toners Market Revenue Contribution, By Type, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 12 Global Printing Toners Market Revenue Contribution, By Application, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 13 Global Printing Toners Market Revenue Contribution, By End-use, 2019 & 2028 (Value %) 
FIG. 14 North America Printing Toners Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 15 Europe Printing Toners Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 16 Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) 
FIG. 17 Latin America Printing Toners Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG. 18 MEA Printing Toners Market Revenue, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)

Key Takeaways:

1. Market value and estimate of the Printing Toners market for the period from 2020 to 2028
2. Compounded annual growth rate (CAGR%) for individual segments in various regional markets for a period from 2020 to 2028
3. Value chain analysis
4. Market share study combined with competitive landscape of major players
5. Profiles of major market players covering overall business operations, geographic occurrence, product portfolio, financial status and news coverage 

List of Tables

TABLE  Market Snapshot: Global Printing Toners Market
TABLE  Impact Pointers
TABLE  Impact Analysis of Drivers and Restraints
TABLE  North America Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  North America Printing Toners Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Europe Printing Toners Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Latin America Printing Toners Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment1, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Printing Toners Market Value, By Segment2, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  MEA Printing Toners Market Value, By Country, 2018 – 2028
TABLE  Mitsubishi Chemical: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Trend Tone Imaging: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  ZEON: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Mikasa Sangyo: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Tomoegawa: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  ACM Technologies: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  HG Technologies: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Toner Technology: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Rathi Graphic Technologies Limited: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Royal Precision Technology: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  IMEX: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
TABLE  Integral GmbH: Company Snapshot (Company Details, Geographical Presence, Product Portfolio, Recent News and Announcements)
 

List of Figures

FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market: Research Methodology
FIG.  Top-Down and Bottom Up Approach
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market, By Segment1, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market, By Segment2, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market, By Geography, 2019 (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market Value and Growth, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn) (Y-o-Y %)
FIG.  Attractive Investment Proposition
FIG.  Market Positioning of Key Printing Toners Providers, 2016
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market Value Share, By Segment1, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Laser Toner Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Analogue Copier Toner Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Digital Copier Toner Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Other Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Printing Toners Market Value Share, By Segment2, 2019 & 2028 (% Value)
FIG.  Global Packaging Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Publication and Commercial Printing Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Global Other Application (Decorative Printing, etc) Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  U.S. Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Canada Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  UK Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Germany Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  France Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Europe Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  China Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Japan Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  India Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Asia Pacific Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Mexico Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Brazil Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of Latin America Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  GCC Countries Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  South Africa Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)
FIG.  Rest of MEA Printing Toners Market Value, 2018 – 2028, (US$ Mn)